Resilient Youth against Far-Right Extremist Messaging Online
The report describes all dissemination activates within the YouthRightOn project aimed at increasing its visibility and publicity as well as those of the “Find Another Way” communication campaign. It is structured in four main sections reflecting the typology of dissemination methods and utilization of particular communication channels. The first section is dedicated to the products created in view of communicating the project’s objectives and results. The second part contains information about all materials produced specifically within the communication campaign. The third section of the report lists all dissemination and stakeholder engagement activities, with particular focus on online and offline events. The final section is dedicated to the evaluation of the campaign’s impact and results. The report contains relevant qualitative data, images and/or links to all of the products and dissemination activities.
Overcoming Youth Vulnerabilities to Far-Right Narratives
Over the past decade, European countries have experienced a resurgence of far-right extremism and the internet has played an important role in facilitating this growth. The internet and social media are potent tools for the spread of extremist propaganda, especially among youth for whom these media constitute an integral feature of daily life. In recognition of this reality, far-right organizations have widely utilized social media to appeal to and reach out this target demographic. The importance of fighting radicalisation and terrorism is highlighted by the 2015-2020 European Agenda on Security. Together with the establishment of the Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN) in 2011, a number of actions have been taken to counter right-wing violent extremism and terrorism.
The publication discusses the opportunities that strategic communication brings as a tool to counteracting violent narratives and achieving resilience among youth and puts forward a number of lessons learned through the implementation of the Find Another Way communications campaign.
Handbook of critical thinking and tolerance
The development of critical thinking in adolescents is at the heart of how they perceive the information that reaches them through different channels, and whether they tend to be influenced by potential hidden messages in it. That is why this skill is a key factor for protecting young people from the increasingly widespread far-right ideas on the Internet, which often call for aggression and hatred against certain social groups.
This handbook offers a curriculum aimed at developing tolerance and critical thinking in students between 14 and 19 years old. With its help, teachers from different cities in Bulgaria (included in the program "Youth Right On") can introduce in the classroom the proposed learning modules, emphasizing on emotional intelligence and social and communication skills, skills for filtration and evaluation of information and critical thinking, as well as attitudes for tolerant perception of differences and willingness to cooperate and help each other.
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How Far-Right Messaging Online Reaches and Affects Bulgarian Youth
The topic of radicalization, and the instances where young people are being influenced through far-right messages on the Internet in particular, is not a popular one in Bulgaria. Anti-liberal discourse has long dominated not only the mainstream media but also the social networks in the country. This article brings forward keynotes from a diagnostic study conducted by the Center for the Study of Democracy within the YouthRightOn initiative. The study examines the various types of far-right messages reaching young people in Bulgaria and the ways they are being put forward. The authors refer to conclusions formed as a result of the extremely detailed data collected for the first time in Bulgaria and propose recommendations for mitigating the dangerous influence that far-right propaganda has on young people.
Find another Way
The susceptibility of young people to far-right messages and ideas has not been studied so far, although a large percentage of hate crimes based on race, nationality, ethnicity, etc., are being committed by persons aged between the ages of 18 and 24.
This brochure highlights the YouthRightOn initiative, developed by the Center for the Study of Democracy, in partnership with the Applied Research and Communications Fund and Intelday Solutions communications agency.
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Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities
The edited volume "Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities" traces the rise of far right vigilante movements – some who have been involved in serious violence against minorities, migrants and other
vulnerable groups in society, whereas other vigilantes are intimidating but avoid using violence. Written by an international team of contributors, the book features case studies from Western Europe, Eastern Europe, North America, and Asia. This is a groundbreaking volume which will be of particular interest to scholars with an interest in the extreme right, social movements, political violence, policing and criminology.
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Advocacy to Prevent Intolerance, Discrimination and Group-focused Enmity of Youth in Bulgaria, Germany and the Visegrad Group
This report paints a picture of the activities and possibilities for political advocacy in youth affairs in Bulgaria, Germany and the Visegrad countries (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia) in order to empower youth and society at large better to resist contemporary risks and challenges, particularly as pertains to discrimination, racism, hatred, bullying, intolerance, violence, and groupfocused enmities. It furthermore provides and overview of networks of national stakeholders to support capacity building efforts in the countries this report addresses.
FAIRNESS: Implementation of the Stockholm’s Roadmap in Cases of Terrorism and Radicalization
The present report emphasises the essential need for upholding the established principles and standards of criminal justice in the context of counter-terrorism and counter-radicalisation. In particular, the report argues that observing criminal justice requirements in radicalisation- and terror-rated cases is a key prerequisite for developing effective and sustainable counter-terrorism and counterradicalisation trust-based strategies and approaches that enhance civil and national security.
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How to do digital youth work in a P/CVE context: revising the current elements
This conclusion paper focuses on four important elements identified: defining your goals and knowing your target audience, producing relevant content and adjusting this to the medium used, the necessary skills and resources needed and organisational & ethical considerations that need to be taken into account (including safety measures). This paper aims to educate youth workers who want to (better) incorporate digital ways in doing youth work, specifically in a P/CVE setting.
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Guidelines for Young Activities: How to set up a P/CVE Initiative
This paper is written for young activists who have decided to take action and seek solutions to the issues and challenges in their communities by setting up their own local initiative in the prevention of radicalisation and violent extremism. This is the fourth practical paper published by the Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN) in 2019. The aim is to support this target group. Each paper corresponds to each stage of initiative development.
Full text (Adobe PDF, 786 KB)
RAN Policy & Practice Workshop – Narratives and Strategies of Far-Right and Islamist Extremists
This ex post paper is written for both policymakers and first-line practitioners engaging or dealing with violent far-right extremists and Islamist extremists. This paper can serve as a guideline for practitioners
and policymakers involved in preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE). We list factors to be considered when formulating P/CVE strategies, including alternative and counter-narratives, and use examples to illustrate their relevance. We also discuss the challenges that may arise in formulating P/CVE strategies and suggest ways of dealing with these challenges.
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Over the past three decades, the far-right extremist (FRE) scene has undergone many shifts and changes: it has moved from offline to online; embraced the gaming culture; and there has been an increase in cross border activities and transnational networks, to name just a few examples. This factbook presents the scope of the FRE scene, from “classical” militant neo-Nazi groups to local protest groups that oppose perceived “Islamisation”, and to online like-minded people who consider themselves members of the alt-right fringe movement. The focus is on violent extremist groups or groups that promote or condone violence.
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This factbook provides an overview of the fundamental elements of violent Islamist
extremism to enable recognition of its symbols, vocabulary, recruitment tactics
and narratives used in various settings, including online, in our schools, local
communities, or prisons.
There are multiple manifestations of violent Islamist extremism across the EU.
Because of the national and local variations, it is impossible to provide an
all-including in-depth study of the phenomenon. This factbook focuses specifically
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RAN EDU Academy: Far-right extremism in the classroom
With a strong online presence, youngsters nowadays are much more likely to come across explicit or implicit far-right extremist content. Far-right extremism (FRE) is often overlooked when it
comes to strategies for preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE). For schools it is indispensable to pay attention to the phenomenon, because just a few students with hate speech, polarising messages and/or extremist political views can ruin the climate in a school.
Full text (Adobe PDF, 426 KB)
Effective Narratives:Updating the GAMMMA+ model
The RAN Communication and Narratives working group (RAN C&N) has promoted the GAMMMA+ model since December 2017 as a practical guideline for carrying out effective alternative and counter narrative (AN/CN) campaigns. Since then, the GAMMMA+ model has served practitioners from all over the European Union as a tool when planning and implementing communications campaigns. After two years and based on feedback and insights from practitioners at the RAN C&N Academy in November 2019, it is time to update the model in the format of this expost paper.
Full text (Adobe PDF, 1.01 MB)
Violent Right Wing Extremism in Focus
Spotlight is a new publication for the RAN’s network of practitioners, designed to give you, the people on the frontline in communities, in schools, prisons, online and elsewhere, the opportunity to share your insights and your stories about the work that you do to tackle the violent extremism challenges in Europe today.
Each edition of Spotlight will focus on a new topic. In May – the first in the series of quarterly publications – we take a look at the topic of violent right-wing extremism (VRWE), how the challenge has evolved, the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on their ability to radicalise and recruit and some of the work being done to address it.
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Breaking the cycle
Based on the experiences collected in the RAN community and recent research, this issue paper assesses challenges related to questions of social cohesion and the prevention of polarisation related to the arrival of asylum seekers and refugees in Europe. It aims at supporting practitioners and policymakers in adjusting existing strategies for preventing violent extremism (PVE) to the challenges related to a mounting polarisation of public opinion regarding refugees, asylum seekers and migration issues, and highlights the importance of broad and comprehensive perspectives and multi-agency cooperation in understanding and challenging the different forms of violent radicalisation.
Full text (Adobe PDF, 407 KB)